Nearly an entire town of sandstone buildings: Hot Springs, South Dakota

      Most pages in this series feature individual buildings, but this page shows just a few of the many sandstone buildings in Hot Springs, South Dakota. We'll work our way from southeast to northwest through town examining
            a business building from the 1890s,
            City Hall (1983),
            the Evans Hotel (1892) and Minnekahta Block business building,
            Union Station (1891),
            and the Gibson House Hotel (1911).
Building Image
Building Image
Building Image
Building Image
Building Image
      These are just a few of the sandstone buildings in Hot Springs, South Dakota, at the southern end of the Black Hills. Hot Springs developed in the 1890s as the restorative powers of its warm waters drew visitors from the across the U.S.. Its principal developer was John Evans, who built the huge Evans Hotel (at right in the fourth image above) and the train station.

      All the town's major early buildings were built of stone from the Evans Quarry, which was of course owned by John Evans. The stone is the Early Cretaceous Fall River sandstone, the type section of which is of course Evans Quarry. Stratigraphers from outside the region may better know the Fall River as the Dakota Sandstone.

      The Fall River sandstone provides relatively uniform blocks, as can be seen in the image below. It's also relatively soft, allowing the carving shown in the detailed views above. The availability of this stone and the prosperity of Hot Springs in the late 1800s combined to produce a remarkable town of sandstone architecture.

Stone Image


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